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fbset.c

/*
 *  Linux Frame Buffer Device Configuration
 *
 *   Copyright 1995-1999 by Geert Uytterhoeven
 *                 (Geert.Uytterhoeven@cs.kuleuven.ac.be)
 *
 *  --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 *  This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
 *  License. See the file COPYING in the main directory of the Linux
 *  distribution for more details.
 *
 *  Petr Vandrovec <vandrove@vc.cvut.cz>:
 *           -grayscale, -rgba, -nonstd, VGA modes reporting
 *
 *  Brad Midgley <brad@exodus.pht.com>:
 *           -match
 *
 */


#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>

struct file;
struct inode;

#include "fb.h"

#include "fbset.h"


    /*
     *  Default Frame Buffer Special Device Node
     */

#define DEFAULT_FRAMEBUFFER   "/dev/fb0"


    /*
     *  Default Video Mode Database File
     */

#define DEFAULT_MODEDBFILE    "/etc/fb.modes"


    /*
     *  Command Line Options
     */

static const char *ProgramName;

static int Opt_test = 0;
static int Opt_show = 0;
static int Opt_info = 0;
static int Opt_version = 0;
static int Opt_verbose = 0;
static int Opt_xfree86 = 0;
static int Opt_change = 0;
static int Opt_all = 0;

static const char *Opt_fb = NULL;
const char *Opt_modedb = DEFAULT_MODEDBFILE;
static const char *Opt_xres = NULL;
static const char *Opt_yres = NULL;
static const char *Opt_vxres = NULL;
static const char *Opt_vyres = NULL;
static const char *Opt_depth = NULL;
static const char *Opt_pixclock = NULL;
static const char *Opt_left = NULL;
static const char *Opt_right = NULL;
static const char *Opt_upper = NULL;
static const char *Opt_lower = NULL;
static const char *Opt_hslen = NULL;
static const char *Opt_vslen = NULL;
static const char *Opt_accel = NULL;
static const char *Opt_hsync = NULL;
static const char *Opt_vsync = NULL;
static const char *Opt_csync = NULL;
static const char *Opt_gsync = NULL;
static const char *Opt_extsync = NULL;
static const char *Opt_bcast = NULL;
static const char *Opt_laced = NULL;
static const char *Opt_double = NULL;
static const char *Opt_move = NULL;
static const char *Opt_step = NULL;
static const char *Opt_modename = NULL;
static const char *Opt_rgba = NULL;
static const char *Opt_nonstd = NULL;
static const char *Opt_grayscale = NULL;
static const char *Opt_matchyres = NULL;

static struct {
    const char *name;
    const char **value;
    const int change;
} Options[] = {
    { "-fb", &Opt_fb, 0 },
    { "-db", &Opt_modedb, 0 },
    { "-xres", &Opt_xres, 1 },
    { "-yres", &Opt_yres, 1 },
    { "-vxres", &Opt_vxres, 1 },
    { "-vyres", &Opt_vyres, 1 },
    { "-depth", &Opt_depth, 1 },
    { "-nonstd", &Opt_nonstd, 1},
    { "-pixclock", &Opt_pixclock, 1 },
    { "-left", &Opt_left, 1 },
    { "-right", &Opt_right, 1 },
    { "-upper", &Opt_upper, 1 },
    { "-lower", &Opt_lower, 1 },
    { "-hslen", &Opt_hslen, 1 },
    { "-vslen", &Opt_vslen, 1 },
    { "-accel", &Opt_accel, 1 },
    { "-hsync", &Opt_hsync, 1 },
    { "-vsync", &Opt_vsync, 1 },
    { "-csync", &Opt_csync, 1 },
    { "-gsync", &Opt_gsync, 1 },
    { "-extsync", &Opt_extsync, 1 },
    { "-bcast", &Opt_bcast, 1 },
    { "-laced", &Opt_laced, 1 },
    { "-double", &Opt_double, 1 },
    { "-move", &Opt_move, 1 },
    { "-step", &Opt_step, 1 },
    { "-rgba", &Opt_rgba, 1 },
    { "-grayscale", &Opt_grayscale, 1 },
    { NULL, NULL, 0 }
};


    /*
     *  Video Mode Database
     */

struct VideoMode *VideoModes = NULL;


    /*
     *  Hardware Text Modes
     */

static struct textentry {
    __u32 id;
    const char *name;
} Textmodes[] = {
    { FB_AUX_TEXT_MDA, "Monochrome text" },
    { FB_AUX_TEXT_CGA, "CGA/EGA/VGA Color text" },
    { FB_AUX_TEXT_S3_MMIO, "S3 MMIO fasttext" },
    { FB_AUX_TEXT_MGA_STEP16, "MGA Millennium I step 16 text" },
    { FB_AUX_TEXT_MGA_STEP8, "MGA step 8 text" },
};

static struct textentry VGAModes[] = {
    { FB_AUX_VGA_PLANES_VGA4, "VGA 16 colors in 4 planes" },
    { FB_AUX_VGA_PLANES_CFB4, "VGA 16 colors in 1 plane" },
    { FB_AUX_VGA_PLANES_CFB8, "VGA 256 colors in 4 planes" },
    /* last entry has name == NULL */
    { 0,                      NULL}
};

    /*
     *  Hardware Accelerators
     */

static struct accelentry {
    __u32 id;
    const char *name;
} Accelerators[] = {
    { FB_ACCEL_NONE, "No" },
    { FB_ACCEL_ATARIBLITT, "Atari Blitter" },
    { FB_ACCEL_AMIGABLITT, "Amiga Blitter" },
    { FB_ACCEL_S3_TRIO64, "S3 Trio64" },
    { FB_ACCEL_NCR_77C32BLT, "NCR 77C32BLT" },
    { FB_ACCEL_S3_VIRGE, "S3 ViRGE" },
    { FB_ACCEL_ATI_MACH64GX, "ATI Mach64GX" },
    { FB_ACCEL_DEC_TGA, "DEC 21030 TGA" },
    { FB_ACCEL_ATI_MACH64CT, "ATI Mach64CT" },
    { FB_ACCEL_ATI_MACH64VT, "ATI Mach64VT" },
    { FB_ACCEL_ATI_MACH64GT, "ATI Mach64GT" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_CREATOR, "Sun Creator/Creator3D" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_CGSIX, "Sun cg6" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_LEO, "Sun leo/zx" },
    { FB_ACCEL_IMS_TWINTURBO, "IMS Twin Turbo" },
    { FB_ACCEL_3DLABS_PERMEDIA2, "3Dlabs Permedia 2" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGA2064W, "Matrox MGA2064W (Millennium)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGA1064SG, "Matrox MGA1064SG (Mystique)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGA2164W, "Matrox MGA2164W (Millennium II)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGA2164W_AGP, "Matrox MGA2164W (Millennium II AGP)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGAG100, "Matrox G100 (Productiva G100)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGAG200, "Matrox G200 (Millennium, Mystique)" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_CG14, "Sun cg14" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_BWTWO, "Sun bw2" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_CGTHREE, "Sun cg3" },
    { FB_ACCEL_SUN_TCX, "Sun tcx" },
    { FB_ACCEL_MATROX_MGAG400, "Matrox G400" },
};


    /*
     *  Current Video Mode
     */

struct VideoMode Current;


    /*
     *  Function Prototypes
     */

int OpenFrameBuffer(const char *name);
void CloseFrameBuffer(int fh);
void GetVarScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_var_screeninfo *var);
void SetVarScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_var_screeninfo *var);
void GetFixScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_fix_screeninfo *fix);
static void ConvertFromVideoMode(const struct VideoMode *vmode,
                         struct fb_var_screeninfo *var);
static void ConvertToVideoMode(const struct fb_var_screeninfo *var,
                         struct VideoMode *vmode);
static int atoboolean(const char *var);
static void ReadModeDB(void);
static struct VideoMode *FindVideoMode(const char *name);
static void ModifyVideoMode(struct VideoMode *vmode);
static void DisplayVModeInfo(struct VideoMode *vmode);
static void DisplayFBInfo(struct fb_fix_screeninfo *fix);
static int FillScanRates(struct VideoMode *vmode);
static void Usage(void) __attribute__ ((noreturn));
int main(int argc, char *argv[]);


    /*
     *  Print an Error Message and Exit
     */

void Die(const char *fmt, ...)
{
    va_list ap;

    fflush(stdout);
    va_start(ap, fmt);
    vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
    va_end(ap);
    exit(1);
}


    /*
     *  Open the Frame Buffer Device
     */

int OpenFrameBuffer(const char *name)
{
    int fh;

    if (Opt_verbose)
      printf("Opening frame buffer device `%s'\n", name);

    if ((fh = open(name, O_RDONLY)) == -1)
      Die("open %s: %s\n", name, strerror(errno));
    return fh;
}


    /*
     *  Close the Frame Buffer Device
     */

void CloseFrameBuffer(int fh)
{
    close(fh);
}

    /*
     *  Get the Variable Part of the Screen Info
     */

void GetVarScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_var_screeninfo *var)
{
    if (ioctl(fh, FBIOGET_VSCREENINFO, var))
      Die("ioctl FBIOGET_VSCREENINFO: %s\n", strerror(errno));
}


    /*
     *  Set (and Get) the Variable Part of the Screen Info
     */

void SetVarScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_var_screeninfo *var)
{
    if (ioctl(fh, FBIOPUT_VSCREENINFO, var))
      Die("ioctl FBIOPUT_VSCREENINFO: %s\n", strerror(errno));
}


    /*
     *  Get the Fixed Part of the Screen Info
     */

void GetFixScreenInfo(int fh, struct fb_fix_screeninfo *fix)
{
    if (ioctl(fh, FBIOGET_FSCREENINFO, fix))
      Die("ioctl FBIOGET_FSCREENINFO: %s\n", strerror(errno));
}


    /*
     *  Conversion Routines
     */

static void ConvertFromVideoMode(const struct VideoMode *vmode,
                         struct fb_var_screeninfo *var)
{
    memset(var, 0, sizeof(struct fb_var_screeninfo));
    var->xres = vmode->xres;
    var->yres = vmode->yres;
    var->xres_virtual = vmode->vxres;
    var->yres_virtual = vmode->vyres;
    var->bits_per_pixel = vmode->depth;
    var->nonstd = vmode->nonstd;
    if (Opt_test)
      var->activate = FB_ACTIVATE_TEST;
    else
      var->activate = FB_ACTIVATE_NOW;
    if (Opt_all)
      var->activate = FB_ACTIVATE_ALL;
    var->accel_flags = vmode->accel_flags;
    var->pixclock = vmode->pixclock;
    var->left_margin = vmode->left;
    var->right_margin = vmode->right;
    var->upper_margin = vmode->upper;
    var->lower_margin = vmode->lower;
    var->hsync_len = vmode->hslen;
    var->vsync_len = vmode->vslen;
    if (vmode->hsync == HIGH)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_HOR_HIGH_ACT;
    if (vmode->vsync == HIGH)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_VERT_HIGH_ACT;
    if (vmode->csync == HIGH)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_COMP_HIGH_ACT;
    if (vmode->gsync == HIGH)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_ON_GREEN;
    if (vmode->extsync == TRUE)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_EXT;
    if (vmode->bcast == TRUE)
      var->sync |= FB_SYNC_BROADCAST;
    if (vmode->laced == TRUE)
      var->vmode = FB_VMODE_INTERLACED;
    else if (vmode->dblscan == TRUE)
      var->vmode = FB_VMODE_DOUBLE;
    else
      var->vmode = FB_VMODE_NONINTERLACED;
    var->vmode |= FB_VMODE_CONUPDATE;
    var->red.length = vmode->red.length;
    var->red.offset = vmode->red.offset;
    var->green.length = vmode->green.length;
    var->green.offset = vmode->green.offset;
    var->blue.length = vmode->blue.length;
    var->blue.offset = vmode->blue.offset;
    var->transp.length = vmode->transp.length;
    var->transp.offset = vmode->transp.offset;
    var->grayscale = vmode->grayscale;
}


static void ConvertToVideoMode(const struct fb_var_screeninfo *var,
                         struct VideoMode *vmode)
{
    vmode->name = NULL;
    vmode->xres = var->xres;
    vmode->yres = var->yres;
    vmode->vxres = var->xres_virtual;
    vmode->vyres = var->yres_virtual;
    vmode->depth = var->bits_per_pixel;
    vmode->nonstd = var->nonstd;
    vmode->accel_flags = var->accel_flags;
    vmode->pixclock = var->pixclock;
    vmode->left = var->left_margin;
    vmode->right = var->right_margin;
    vmode->upper = var->upper_margin;
    vmode->lower = var->lower_margin;
    vmode->hslen = var->hsync_len;
    vmode->vslen = var->vsync_len;
    vmode->hsync = var->sync & FB_SYNC_HOR_HIGH_ACT ? HIGH : LOW;
    vmode->vsync = var->sync & FB_SYNC_VERT_HIGH_ACT ? HIGH : LOW;
    vmode->csync = var->sync & FB_SYNC_COMP_HIGH_ACT ? HIGH : LOW;
    vmode->gsync = var->sync & FB_SYNC_ON_GREEN ? TRUE : FALSE;
    vmode->extsync = var->sync & FB_SYNC_EXT ? TRUE : FALSE;
    vmode->bcast = var->sync & FB_SYNC_BROADCAST ? TRUE : FALSE;
    vmode->grayscale = var->grayscale;
    vmode->laced = FALSE;
    vmode->dblscan = FALSE;
    switch (var->vmode & FB_VMODE_MASK) {
      case FB_VMODE_INTERLACED:
          vmode->laced = TRUE;
          break;
      case FB_VMODE_DOUBLE:
          vmode->dblscan = TRUE;
          break;
    }
    vmode->red.length = var->red.length;
    vmode->red.offset = var->red.offset;
    vmode->green.length = var->green.length;
    vmode->green.offset = var->green.offset;
    vmode->blue.length = var->blue.length;
    vmode->blue.offset = var->blue.offset;
    vmode->transp.length = var->transp.length;
    vmode->transp.offset = var->transp.offset;
    FillScanRates(vmode);
}


static int atoboolean(const char *var)
{
    int value = 0;

    if (!strcasecmp(var, "false") || !strcasecmp(var, "low") ||
      !strcasecmp(var, "no") || !strcasecmp(var, "off") ||
      !strcmp(var, "0"))
      value = 0;
    else if (!strcasecmp(var, "true") || !strcasecmp(var, "high") ||
           !strcasecmp(var, "yes") || !strcasecmp(var, "on") ||
           !strcmp(var, "1"))
      value = 1;
    else
      Die("Invalid value `%s'\n", var);

    return value;
}


void AddVideoMode(const struct VideoMode *vmode)
{
    struct VideoMode *vmode2;

    if (FindVideoMode(vmode->name))
      Die("%s:%d: Duplicate mode name `%s'\n", Opt_modedb, line,
          vmode->name);
    vmode2 = malloc(sizeof(struct VideoMode));
    *vmode2 = *vmode;
    if (!FillScanRates(vmode2))
      Die("%s:%d: Bad video mode `%s'\n", Opt_modedb, line, vmode2->name);
    vmode2->next = VideoModes;
    VideoModes = vmode2;
}


    /*
     *  Read the Video Mode Database
     */

static void ReadModeDB(void)
{
    if (Opt_verbose)
      printf("Reading mode database from file `%s'\n", Opt_modedb);

    if (!(yyin = fopen(Opt_modedb, "r")))
      Die("fopen %s: %s\n", Opt_modedb, strerror(errno));
    yyparse();
    fclose(yyin);
}


static void getColor(struct color *color, const char** opt)
{
    char* ptr;

    color->length = 0;
    color->offset = 0;
    ptr = (char*)(*opt);
    if (!ptr)
      return;
    color->length = strtoul(ptr, &ptr, 0);
    if (!ptr)
      return;
    if (*ptr == '/')
      color->offset = strtoul(ptr+1, &ptr, 0);
    if (ptr) {
      while (*ptr && isspace(*ptr))
          ptr++;
      if (*ptr == ',') {
          ptr++;
      } else if (*ptr)
          Die("Bad RGBA syntax, rL/rO,gL/gO,bL/bO,tL/tO or rL,gL,bL,tL\n");
    }
    *opt = ptr;
    return;
}

void makeRGBA(struct VideoMode *vmode, const char* opt)
{
    getColor(&vmode->red, &opt);
    getColor(&vmode->green, &opt);
    getColor(&vmode->blue, &opt);
    getColor(&vmode->transp, &opt);
}

    /*
     *  Find a Video Mode
     */

static struct VideoMode *FindVideoMode(const char *name)
{
    struct VideoMode *vmode;

    for (vmode = VideoModes; vmode; vmode = vmode->next)
      if (!strcmp(name, vmode->name))
          break;

    return vmode;
}


    /*
     *  Modify a Video Mode
     */

static void ModifyVideoMode(struct VideoMode *vmode)
{
    u_int hstep = 8, vstep = 2;

    if (Opt_xres)
      vmode->xres = strtoul(Opt_xres, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_yres)
      vmode->yres = strtoul(Opt_yres, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_vxres)
      vmode->vxres = strtoul(Opt_vxres, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_vyres)
      vmode->vyres = strtoul(Opt_vyres, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_depth)
      vmode->depth = strtoul(Opt_depth, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_nonstd)
      vmode->nonstd = strtoul(Opt_nonstd, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_accel)
      vmode->accel_flags = atoboolean(Opt_accel) ? FB_ACCELF_TEXT : 0;
    if (Opt_pixclock)
      vmode->pixclock = strtoul(Opt_pixclock, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_left)
      vmode->left = strtoul(Opt_left, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_right)
      vmode->right = strtoul(Opt_right, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_upper)
      vmode->upper = strtoul(Opt_upper, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_lower)
      vmode->lower = strtoul(Opt_lower, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_hslen)
      vmode->hslen = strtoul(Opt_hslen, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_vslen)
      vmode->vslen = strtoul(Opt_vslen, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_hsync)
      vmode->hsync = atoboolean(Opt_hsync);
    if (Opt_vsync)
      vmode->vsync = atoboolean(Opt_vsync);
    if (Opt_csync)
      vmode->csync = atoboolean(Opt_csync);
    if (Opt_gsync)
      vmode->gsync = atoboolean(Opt_gsync);
    if (Opt_extsync)
      vmode->extsync = atoboolean(Opt_extsync);
    if (Opt_bcast)
      vmode->bcast = atoboolean(Opt_bcast);
    if (Opt_laced)
      vmode->laced = atoboolean(Opt_laced);
    if (Opt_double)
      vmode->dblscan = atoboolean(Opt_double);
    if (Opt_grayscale)
      vmode->grayscale = atoboolean(Opt_grayscale);
    if (Opt_step)
      hstep = vstep = strtoul(Opt_step, NULL, 0);
    if (Opt_matchyres)
        vmode->vyres = vmode->yres;
    if (Opt_move) {
      if (!strcasecmp(Opt_move, "left")) {
          if (hstep > vmode->left)
            Die("The left margin cannot be negative\n");
          vmode->left -= hstep;
          vmode->right += hstep;
      } else if (!strcasecmp(Opt_move, "right")) {
          if (hstep > vmode->right)
            Die("The right margin cannot be negative\n");
          vmode->left += hstep;
          vmode->right -= hstep;
      } else if (!strcasecmp(Opt_move, "up")) {
          if (vstep > vmode->upper)
            Die("The upper margin cannot be negative\n");
          vmode->upper -= vstep;
          vmode->lower += vstep;
      } else if (!strcasecmp(Opt_move, "down")) {
          if (vstep > vmode->lower)
            Die("The lower margin cannot be negative\n");
          vmode->upper += vstep;
          vmode->lower -= vstep;
      } else
          Die("Invalid direction `%s'\n", Opt_move);
    }
    if (Opt_rgba) {
      makeRGBA(vmode, Opt_rgba);
    }
    if (!FillScanRates(vmode))
      Die("Bad video mode\n");
}


    /*
     *  Display the Video Mode Information
     */

static void DisplayVModeInfo(struct VideoMode *vmode)
{
    u_int res, sstart, send, total;

    puts("");
    if (!Opt_xfree86) {
      printf("mode \"%dx%d", vmode->xres, vmode->yres);
      if (vmode->pixclock) {
          printf("-%d\"\n", (int)(vmode->vrate+0.5));
          printf("    # D: %5.3f MHz, H: %5.3f kHz, V: %5.3f Hz\n",
               vmode->drate/1E6, vmode->hrate/1E3, vmode->vrate);
      } else
          puts("\"");
      printf("    geometry %d %d %d %d %d\n", vmode->xres, vmode->yres,
             vmode->vxres, vmode->vyres, vmode->depth);
      printf("    timings %d %d %d %d %d %d %d\n", vmode->pixclock,
             vmode->left, vmode->right, vmode->upper, vmode->lower,
             vmode->hslen, vmode->vslen);
      if (vmode->hsync)
          puts("    hsync high");
      if (vmode->vsync)
          puts("    vsync high");
      if (vmode->csync)
          puts("    csync high");
      if (vmode->gsync)
          puts("    gsync true");
      if (vmode->extsync)
          puts("    extsync true");
      if (vmode->bcast)
          puts("    bcast true");
      if (vmode->laced)
          puts("    laced true");
      if (vmode->dblscan)
          puts("    double true");
      if (vmode->nonstd)
            printf("    nonstd %u\n", vmode->nonstd);
      if (vmode->accel_flags)
          puts("    accel true");
      if (vmode->grayscale)
          puts("    grayscale true");
      printf("    rgba %u/%u,%u/%u,%u/%u,%u/%u\n",
          vmode->red.length, vmode->red.offset, vmode->green.length,
          vmode->green.offset, vmode->blue.length, vmode->blue.offset,
          vmode->transp.length, vmode->transp.offset);
      puts("endmode\n");
    } else {
      printf("Mode \"%dx%d\"\n", vmode->xres, vmode->yres);
      if (vmode->pixclock) {
          printf("    # D: %5.3f MHz, H: %5.3f kHz, V: %5.3f Hz\n",
               vmode->drate/1E6, vmode->hrate/1E3, vmode->vrate);
          printf("    DotClock %5.3f\n", vmode->drate/1E6+0.001);
      } else
          puts("    DotClock Unknown");
      res = vmode->xres;
      sstart = res+vmode->right;
      send = sstart+vmode->hslen;
      total = send+vmode->left;
      printf("    HTimings %d %d %d %d\n", res, sstart, send, total);
      res = vmode->yres;
      sstart = res+vmode->lower;
      send = sstart+vmode->vslen;
      total = send+vmode->upper;
      printf("    VTimings %d %d %d %d\n", res, sstart, send, total);
      printf("    Flags   ");
      if (vmode->laced)
          printf(" \"Interlace\"");
      if (vmode->dblscan)
          printf(" \"DoubleScan\"");
      if (vmode->hsync)
          printf(" \"+HSync\"");
      else
          printf(" \"-HSync\"");
      if (vmode->vsync)
          printf(" \"+VSync\"");
      else
          printf(" \"-VSync\"");
      if (vmode->csync)
          printf(" \"Composite\"");
      if (vmode->extsync)
          puts("    # Warning: XFree86 doesn't support extsync\n");
      if (vmode->bcast)
          printf(" \"bcast\"");
      if (vmode->accel_flags)
          puts("    # Warning: XFree86 doesn't support accel\n");
      if (vmode->grayscale)
          puts("    # Warning: XFree86 doesn't support grayscale\n");
      puts("\nEndMode\n");
    }
}


    /*
     *  Display the Frame Buffer Device Information
     */

static void DisplayFBInfo(struct fb_fix_screeninfo *fix)
{
    int i;

    puts("Frame buffer device information:");
    printf("    Name        : %s\n", fix->id);
    printf("    Address     : %p\n", fix->smem_start);
    printf("    Size        : %d\n", fix->smem_len);
    printf("    Type        : ");
    switch (fix->type) {
      case FB_TYPE_PACKED_PIXELS:
          puts("PACKED PIXELS");
          break;
      case FB_TYPE_PLANES:
          puts("PLANES");
          break;
      case FB_TYPE_INTERLEAVED_PLANES:
          printf("INTERLEAVED PLANES (%d bytes interleave)\n",
               fix->type_aux);
          break;
      case FB_TYPE_TEXT:
          for (i = 0; i < sizeof(Textmodes)/sizeof(*Textmodes); i++)
            if (fix->type_aux == Textmodes[i].id)
                break;
          if (i < sizeof(Textmodes)/sizeof(*Textmodes))
            puts(Textmodes[i].name);
          else
            printf("Unknown text (%d)\n", fix->type_aux);
          break;
      case FB_TYPE_VGA_PLANES:
          {
            struct textentry *t;
            
            for (t = VGAModes; t->name; t++)
                if (fix->type_aux == t->id)
                  break;
            if (t->name)
                puts(t->name);
            else
                  printf("Unknown VGA mode (%d)\n", fix->type_aux);
          }
          break;
      default:
          printf("%d (UNKNOWN)\n", fix->type);
          printf("    Type_aux    : %d\n", fix->type_aux);
          break;
    }
    printf("    Visual      : ");
    switch (fix->visual) {
      case FB_VISUAL_MONO01:
          puts("MONO01");
          break;
      case FB_VISUAL_MONO10:
          puts("MONO10");
          break;
      case FB_VISUAL_TRUECOLOR:
          puts("TRUECOLOR");
          break;
      case FB_VISUAL_PSEUDOCOLOR:
          puts("PSEUDOCOLOR");
          break;
      case FB_VISUAL_DIRECTCOLOR:
          puts("DIRECTCOLOR");
          break;
      case FB_VISUAL_STATIC_PSEUDOCOLOR:
          puts("STATIC PSEUDOCOLOR");
          break;
      default:
          printf("%d (UNKNOWN)\n", fix->visual);
          break;
    }
    printf("    XPanStep    : %d\n", fix->xpanstep);
    printf("    YPanStep    : %d\n", fix->ypanstep);
    printf("    YWrapStep   : %d\n", fix->ywrapstep);
    printf("    LineLength  : %d\n", fix->line_length);
    if (fix->mmio_len) {
      printf("    MMIO Address: %p\n", fix->mmio_start);
      printf("    MMIO Size   : %d\n", fix->mmio_len);
    }
    printf("    Accelerator : ");
    for (i = 0; i < sizeof(Accelerators)/sizeof(*Accelerators); i++)
      if (fix->accel == Accelerators[i].id)
          break;
    if (i < sizeof(Accelerators)/sizeof(*Accelerators))
      puts(Accelerators[i].name);
    else
      printf("Unknown (%d)\n", fix->accel);
}


    /*
     *  Calculate the Scan Rates for a Video Mode
     */

static int FillScanRates(struct VideoMode *vmode)
{
    u_int htotal = vmode->left+vmode->xres+vmode->right+vmode->hslen;
    u_int vtotal = vmode->upper+vmode->yres+vmode->lower+vmode->vslen;

    if (vmode->dblscan)
      vtotal <<= 2;
    else if (!vmode->laced)
      vtotal <<= 1;

    if (!htotal || !vtotal)
      return 0;

    if (vmode->pixclock) {
      vmode->drate = 1E12/vmode->pixclock;
      vmode->hrate = vmode->drate/htotal;
      vmode->vrate = vmode->hrate/vtotal*2;
    } else {
      vmode->drate = 0;
      vmode->hrate = 0;
      vmode->vrate = 0;
    }

    return 1;
}


    /*
     *  Print the Usage Template and Exit
     */

static void Usage(void)
{
    puts(VERSION);
    Die("\nUsage: %s [options] [mode]\n\n"
      "Valid options:\n"
      "  General options:\n"
      "    -h, --help         : display this usage information\n"
      "    --test             : don't change, just test whether the mode is "
                         "valid\n"
      "    -s, --show         : display video mode settings\n"
      "    -i, --info         : display all frame buffer information\n"
      "    -v, --verbose      : verbose mode\n"
      "    -V, --version      : print version information\n"
      "    -x, --xfree86      : XFree86 compatibility mode\n"
      "    -a, --all          : change all virtual consoles on this device\n"
      "  Frame buffer special device nodes:\n"
      "    -fb <device>       : processed frame buffer device\n"
      "                         (default is " DEFAULT_FRAMEBUFFER ")\n"
      "  Video mode database:\n"
      "    -db <file>         : video mode database file\n"
      "                         (default is " DEFAULT_MODEDBFILE ")\n"
      "  Display geometry:\n"
      "    -xres <value>      : horizontal resolution (in pixels)\n"
      "    -yres <value>      : vertical resolution (in pixels)\n"
      "    -vxres <value>     : virtual horizontal resolution (in pixels)\n"
      "    -vyres <value>     : virtual vertical resolution (in pixels)\n"
      "    -depth <value>     : display depth (in bits per pixel)\n"
      "    -nonstd <value>    : select nonstandard video mode\n"
      "    -g, --geometry ... : set all geometry parameters at once\n"
      "    -match             : set virtual vertical resolution by virtual resolution\n"
      "  Display timings:\n"
      "    -pixclock <value>  : pixel clock (in picoseconds)\n"
      "    -left <value>      : left margin (in pixels)\n"
      "    -right <value>     : right margin (in pixels)\n"
      "    -upper <value>     : upper margin (in pixel lines)\n"
      "    -lower <value>     : lower margin (in pixel lines)\n"
      "    -hslen <value>     : horizontal sync length (in pixels)\n"
      "    -vslen <value>     : vertical sync length (in pixel lines)\n"
      "    -t, --timings ...  : set all timing parameters at once\n"
      "  Display flags:\n"
      "    -accel <value>     : hardware text acceleration enable (false or "
                         "true)\n"
      "    -hsync <value>     : horizontal sync polarity (low or high)\n"
      "    -vsync <value>     : vertical sync polarity (low or high)\n"
      "    -csync <value>     : composite sync polarity (low or high)\n"
      "    -gsync <value>     : synch on green (false or true)\n"
      "    -extsync <value>   : external sync enable (false or true)\n"
      "    -bcast <value>     : broadcast enable (false or true)\n"
      "    -laced <value>     : interlace enable (false or true)\n"
      "    -double <value>    : doublescan enable (false or true)\n"
      "    -rgba <r,g,b,a>    : recommended length of color entries\n"
      "    -grayscale <value> : grayscale enable (false or true)\n"
      "  Display positioning:\n"
      "    -move <direction>  : move the visible part (left, right, up or "
                         "down)\n"
      "    -step <value>      : step increment (in pixels or pixel lines)\n"
      "                         (default is 8 horizontal, 2 vertical)\n",
      ProgramName);
}


    /*
     *  Main Routine
     */

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    struct VideoMode *vmode;
    struct fb_var_screeninfo var;
    struct fb_fix_screeninfo fix;
    int fh = -1, i;

    ProgramName = argv[0];

    /*
     *  Parse the Options
     */

    while (--argc > 0) {
      argv++;
      if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-h") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--help"))
          Usage();
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-v") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--verbose"))
          Opt_verbose = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-V") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--version"))
          Opt_version = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "--test"))
          Opt_test = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-s") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--show"))
          Opt_show = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-i") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--info")) {
          Opt_show = 1;
          Opt_info = 1;
      } else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-x") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--xfree86"))
          Opt_xfree86 = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-a") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--all"))
          Opt_all = 1;
      else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-g") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--geometry")) {
          if (argc > 5) {
            Opt_xres = argv[1];
            Opt_yres = argv[2];
            Opt_vxres = argv[3];
            Opt_vyres = argv[4];
            Opt_depth = argv[5];
            Opt_change = 1;
            argc -= 5;
            argv += 5;
          } else
            Usage();
      } else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-t") || !strcmp(argv[0], "--timings")) {
          if (argc > 7) {
            Opt_pixclock = argv[1];
            Opt_left = argv[2];
            Opt_right = argv[3];
            Opt_upper = argv[4];
            Opt_lower = argv[5];
            Opt_hslen = argv[6];
            Opt_vslen = argv[7];
            Opt_change = 1;
            argc -= 7;
            argv += 7;
          } else
            Usage();
      } else if (!strcmp(argv[0], "-match")) {
          Opt_matchyres = argv[0];
          Opt_change = 1;
      } else {
          for (i = 0; Options[i].name; i++)
            if (!strcmp(argv[0], Options[i].name))
                break;
          if (Options[i].name) {
            if (argc-- > 1) {
                *Options[i].value = argv[1];
                Opt_change |= Options[i].change;
                argv++;
            } else
                Usage();
          } else if (!Opt_modename) {
            Opt_modename = argv[0];
            Opt_change = 1;
          } else
            Usage();
      }
    }

    if (Opt_version || Opt_verbose)
      puts(VERSION);

    if (!Opt_fb)
      Opt_fb = DEFAULT_FRAMEBUFFER;

    /*
     *  Open the Frame Buffer Device
     */

    fh = OpenFrameBuffer(Opt_fb);

    /*
     *  Get the Video Mode
     */

    if (Opt_modename) {

      /*
       *  Read the Video Mode Database
       */

      ReadModeDB();

      if (!(vmode = FindVideoMode(Opt_modename)))
          Die("Unknown video mode `%s'\n", Opt_modename);      

      Current = *vmode;
      if (Opt_verbose)
          printf("Using video mode `%s'\n", Opt_modename);
    } else {
      GetVarScreenInfo(fh, &var);
      ConvertToVideoMode(&var, &Current);
      if (Opt_verbose)
          printf("Using current video mode from `%s'\n", Opt_fb);
    }

    if (Opt_change) {

      /*
       *  Optionally Modify the Video Mode
       */

      ModifyVideoMode(&Current);

      /*
       *  Set the Video Mode
       */

      ConvertFromVideoMode(&Current, &var);
      if (Opt_verbose)
          printf("Setting video mode to `%s'\n", Opt_fb);
      SetVarScreenInfo(fh, &var);
      ConvertToVideoMode(&var, &Current);
    }

    /*
     *  Display some Video Mode Information
     */

    if (Opt_show || !Opt_change)
      DisplayVModeInfo(&Current);

    if (Opt_info) {
      if (Opt_verbose)
          puts("Getting further frame buffer information");
      GetFixScreenInfo(fh, &fix);
      DisplayFBInfo(&fix);
    }

    /*
     *  Close the Frame Buffer Device
     */

    CloseFrameBuffer(fh);

    exit(0);
}

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